China’s one child policy was put in place to control population, when China’s population was nearly a billion, to boost economic growth and to decrease the need for resources. It was introduced in the late ‘70s and began to be formally phased out in 2015. Ethnic minorities and those with a first girl child were exempt from this over the last several years.
The implementation of this one child policy claims that 400 million births have been prevented, which included a large proportion of female feticides. This has resulted in too many men, too many old people and too few young people. This will translate into shrinking work force with the burden to support the elderly.
China’s population boom in the ‘60s and ‘70s is said to have led to cheap labor in the ‘80s and ‘90s. Currently these form a large elderly population, which could be increasingly dependent on the reduced work force. This could curb future growth.
The current reversal of the one child policy stated in the end of October this year, could take decades to bring about a promising demographic trend and the scars of the millions aborted could haunt those involved for years to come.
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